TSU research will predict new epidemics
TSU Biological Institute is investigating the mechanism of chromosomal variability in malaria mosquitoes, the blood-sucking insects that transmit dangerous infections to humans. Biologists will do a complete sequencing of the genomes of two species, Anopheles messeae and Anopheles beklemishevi, both widespread in Russia. This will give maximum information about the adaptive capabilities of mosquitoes, for example, their ability to tolerate cold or drought and, transmit certain diseases. When there is a danger of an epidemic spread by malaria mosquitoes, genetic information will help create a quick response with insecticides that target this species.
- Anopheles mosquitoes are one of the most dangerous animals in the world. They are capable of carrying many lethal infections, including malaria, West Nile fever, Mayaro fever, lymphatic filariasis, dirofilariasis, and others, - says Igor Sharakhov, project manager, professor at the TSU Biological Institute and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. - Malaria has long been eradicated in Russia, but malaria mosquitoes have not disappeared anywhere. Moreover, due to climate change, they are actively expanding their range, moving north and east. Taking into account the fact that people are now actively moving around the planet, visiting exotic countries, the risk of importing deadly infections and the development of new epidemics both increase significantly. To prevent this, we need to know the genetic makeup of the malaria mosquitoes that live near us.
Read more: http://en.tsu.ru/news/tsu-research-will-predict-new-epidemics/