New algorithms will create a communication system in a swarm of drones

Qazawat Zirak, a graduate from Pakistan of the TSU master’s program Computer engineering: Applied Al and robotics, has created new algorithms to establish communication between drones working in a swarm. By integrating blockchain technology and other tools into the network, he protected drones from hacking and transmitting the wrong data.

“A swarm of drones can be used for a variety of tasks like searching for survivors of manmade or natural disasters, environmental monitoring, or geological exploration,” Dmitriy Shashev, Qazawat’s scientific adviser and Vice-Dean for Research in the TSU Faculty of Innovative Technologies, explains. “A swarm of drones is faster, more reliable, and effective. If one or two drones are down, the rest can redistribute their load and complete the task.”

However, there are some technical limitations restricting the use of swarms, one of them being the need to establish sound, interference-free communication between drones. It is not an easy task: first of all, unlike ground transport, a drone travels in three dimensions, which complicates establishing a communication network. Second, the hardware for it should be fast but at the same time light and consume as little power as possible. The new communication network was based on LoRaWAN technology. 

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